Reading/Literacy

What is Literacy?

Literacy is the person’s ability to read and write. In school, children with communication disorders are more likely to struggle with literacy skills. This is demonstrated by poor performance in school, difficulty reading, and difficulty understanding and expressing language.
Adults may also have literacy problems. Some adults continue to struggle with reading and writing from childhood while others have trouble reading and writing after a stroke or brain injury.
If you or your child is experiencing difficulty with reading or writing see your Doctor for a Speech Language Evaluation! A Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) can help you or your child with overcoming the language barrier in reading and writing by developing strategies and techniques in a 1 on 1 setting. A Speech Language Pathologist is trained to identify the underlying cause of literacy issues and provide effective therapy for increased communication in the spoken or written form.

For more information visit http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/Literacy/


Pragmatic/Social thinking

What is Pragmatics? Pragmatics is the use of language in 3 major areas.
1.Using language for different purposes,
such as greeting (e.g., hello, goodbye) informing (e.g., I'm going to get a cookie)
demanding (e.g., Give me a cookie)
promising (e.g., I'm going to get you a cookie)
requesting (e.g., I would like a cookie, please)
2.Changing language according to the needs of a listener or situation, such as 
talking differently to a baby than to an adult
giving background information to an unfamiliar listener
speaking differently in a classroom than on a playground
3.Following rules for conversations and storytelling, such as 
taking turns in conversation
introducing topics of conversation
staying on topic
rephrasing when misunderstood
how to use verbal and nonverbal signals
how close to stand to someone when speaking
how to use facial expressions and eye contact

Pragmatics or Social thinking is what we do when we interact with people: we think about them. How we think about people affects how we behave, which in turn affects how others respond to us. This then affects our own emotions and how we in respond or behave in the future.
Whether we are with friends, sending an email, in a classroom or at the grocery store, we take in the thoughts, emotions and intentions of the people we are interacting with.
Most of us have developed our communications sense from birth onwards, steadily observing and acquiring social information and learning how to respond to people. Because social thinking is an intuitive process, we usually take it for granted.
But for many individuals, this process is anything but natural. An individual with pragmatic or social thinking problems may:
say inappropriate or unrelated things during conversations
tell stories in a disorganized way
have little variety in language use
This often has nothing to do with conventional measures of intelligence. In fact, many people score high on IQ and standardized tests, yet do not intuitively learn the nuances of social communication and interaction.
While these challenges are commonly experienced by individuals with autism spectrum disorders (high-functioning), social communication disorder, Asperger's, ADHD, nonverbal learning disability (NLD) and similar diagnoses, children and adults experiencing social learning difficulties often have received no diagnosis.

What help is available for social thinking and pragmatic disorders? A Speech Language Pathologist is trainedto evaluate and treat communication impairments including those of pragmatics and how we use language to communicate. If you or your child finds it difficult to communicate with a group of people, is experiencing making and keeping friends, or demonstrates limited or no use of gestures, eye contact, or facial expressions request a Speech Language Evaluation from your Doctor!

For more information visit www.Socialthinking.com and http://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/Pragmatics/